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Water Testing Ė Why?

We at Koi & Pond firmly believe that proactive pond water testing is the answer to prevent stressful situations that may harm or kill our gold fish or koi.  The 3 most important measurements are for Ammonia, Nitrites, and Nitrates.

Ammonia:  Ammonia is deadly. It is primarily created through the gold fish or koiís gills, kidneys and intestinal waste. Decaying uneaten food, plant material and leaves also contribute to ammonia accumulations. Ammonia is reportedly the leading cause of fish stress, breaking down his immunity system and leading to bacterial disease. Measurable to high levels of ammonia is common in new ponds (and aquariums), over-stocked ponds and established ponds from heavy feeding in the spring prior to biological bacteria growth or from inadequate filtration. The only acceptable reading from an ammonia test is "0". If you get any reading of ammonia in your water you can do the following to correct the situation:

Temporary Fix:

Permanent Solution:

  • larger filtration and/or aeration system

  • Clean filter and remove debris from pond

  • Add Pond Magic weekly

Measurement Tools:  The best, most accurate, and easiest tool is Koi & Pondís Pond Monitor.  The Pond Monitor is a small disc that hangs in your pond which contains a color coded sensor that detects ammonia.  The sensor will change from yellow which is zero ammonia to green, blue, and purple as the level of ammonia toxicity increases.  The response time for increasing ammonia levels is 15 minutes while decreasing levels of ammonia is approximated 3 to 4 hours.  The Pond Monitor detection life is one year.  Another tool is the ammonia test strip that when dipped in water reads ammonia levels in 60 seconds.

Nitrites:  Nitrites create the first step in the nitrifying cycle and Nitrites are second to ammonia in its toxicity to fish. Nitrosomonous bacteria convert ammonia to nitrites. Nitrite readings are normally seen as the nitrifying cycle is developing and can be present without an ammonia reading. The only acceptable reading from a nitrite test is "0". Should you get any readings you may try the following corrective action:

Temporary Fix:

  • Perform Water Change & Dechlorinate with Pond Prep D

  • Add non iodized salt (3 lb per 100 gallons)

  • Add Pond Prep + to remove ammonia

Permanent Solution:

  • larger filtration and/or aeration system

  • Clean filter and remove debris from pond

  • Add Pond Magic weekly

Measurement Tools:  The best tool is using test strip that measures nitrite levels in 30 seconds.

Nitrates

Nitrates are the last step in the nitrifying cycle. Nitrobacter bacteria convert the nitrites to nitrates. As a rule, nitrates are nontoxic to fish. High nitrate levels contribute to algae bloom. Basically, nitrates are fertilizers. Acceptable test readings are 200 to 300. If your water contains more nitrates than 300 ppm you should do the following corrective action:

Temporary Fix:

  • Perform Water Change & Dechlorinate with Pond Prep D

  • Clean pond of any rotting leaves & debris

  • Add plants to naturally consume nitrates

Permanent Solution:

  • larger filtration and/or aeration system

  • Clean filter and remove debris from pond

  • Dechlor fresh water with Pond Prep D & add Pond Magic weekly

Measurement Tools:  The most accurate and easiest tool is using a test strip that measures nitrite levels in 30 seconds.

 

Koi & Pond, Inc

Santa Rosa, Cal  95407

  707-318-1807

www.KoiAndPondInc.com